How to grow scotch bonnet pepper

Scotch bonnets should be planted from seed indoors, before the end of the winter months. As a rule, plant scotch bonnet seeds indoors about 6 weeks before the last date of frost. This indoor growth period is critical in preparing the plants for moving outdoors when the weather warms up.

How long do scotch bonnet pepper seeds take to germinate?

10 – 21 days

Soil temperature for germination: 25-29°C (78-85°F). Seeds should sprout in 10 – 21 days.

How big does a Scotch Bonnet plant grow?

Suitable for greenhouses or compact patios, this short bushy chilli plant will reach heights of 40 – 45cm. The ‘Scotch Bonnet’ weighs in at a scorching hot 350,000 – 400,000 SHU. This extreme heat makes it a popular chilli for spicy Caribbean sauces.

How long do Scotch Bonnet plants live?

between 3-5 years

Includes the hottest peppers in the world, Habaneros, Scotch Bonnets, Trinidad Scorpions, the Bhut Jolokia Ghost Peppers, Carolina Reaper and the new Dragon’s Breath Pepper. These peppers can live between 3-5 years.

How long do scotch bonnets take to grow?

How long does it take for Scotch Bonnet pepper plants to grow? After you have sown your Scotch Bonnet seeds indoors it should take about 60-90 days before being ready to harvest. The chilli plant itself should grow to about 3 feet tall.

Should you soak seeds before planting?

If you’re just getting started, and even if you’ve been growing from seeds for a while, it’s a good idea to soak seeds before planting. This can have a dramatic effect on your germination rate and overall success with gardening! Soaking seeds supplies your plants a jump start right at the beginning of their lives.

How do you prune a Scotch Bonnet plant?

To top pepper plants, prune off all of the growing points about 3 to 4 weeks prior to the arrival of the first expected frost. This forces all of the remaining peppers to mature and develop to their full color. Use a pair of pruners to trim off the topmost 3 to 6 inches of every branch and side shoot.

Are Scotch Bonnet plants perennial?

Scotch bonnet (Capsicum chinense.) is a tropical hot pepper variety that is grown in Latin America and the Caribbean as well as in other tropical regions of the world. The plant is a perennial and grows in an upright position.

When should you pick Scotch bonnets?

Scotch bonnet peppers are ready to pick approximately four months after sowing and can be used immediately or dried.

How many peppers will one plant produce?

Generally, peppers with larger fruits often tend to produce lower yields than the smaller ones. Therefore, on average, a healthy large bell pepper will produce 2 to 4 fruits per plant at any time and 8 to 10 bells in a season.

Do pepper plants grow back every year?

It will surprise many North American gardeners to learn that pepper plants are perennials; after a dormant season, they will return in the spring.

What is the best fertilizer for Scotch bonnet peppers?

Scotch bonnet peppers planted from seedlings grown indoors can be fertilized when they are transplanted to a larger pot or outdoors in the garden. The best fertilizers for this purpose have 15-5-35 or 8-4-32 NPK ratios and should be applied at a rate of about 1 ounce per plant.

Can you put seeds straight into soil?

Growing from seeds indoors is one way of starting your garden. Another option is to tuck seeds directly into soil outdoors. Planting seeds this way is called direct sowing, and it is an easy process that yields great results.

Is it better to plant seeds in the morning or evening?

Seeds need warmth to germinate–temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees–and sunlight works best. Seeds thrive on about 12 to 16 hours of sun each day. Only morning planting will allow seeds immediate substantial sunlight exposure.

Can I use garden soil to start seeds?

Never use garden soil to start seeds or with container plants. It is too heavy and may contain pests, weed seeds and diseases.

Can I use Miracle Gro potting mix to start seeds?

Help seeds germinate by sowing them in Miracle-Gro® Seed Starting Potting Mix. This is finer than a regular potting mix, so young roots have an easier time of poking through.

What is the best potting soil to start seeds?

The best seed starting mix (which you’ll learn to DIY below) is made of perlite, vermiculite, and sphagnum peat moss.